From the minute we’re born, we’re ageing. Steady introduction to our environment, the things we eat, and worries from both inside and outside our bodies all reason us to age after some time.
Ageing is highly complex, but scientists are starting to understand what happens at the cellular and molecular levels.
For example, healthy cells are damaged over time when our immune systems shift from reacting to short-term problems like injuries and infections, to gradually producing chronic inflammation throughout the body.
Time likewise progressively abbreviates the telomeres that go about as defensive tops for our DNA-containing chromosomes. These and different changes make our bodies less and less ready to manage worry from inside and outside of our body, so when harm arrives at a basic level, our cells, tissues, and organs may no longer perform typically and our health begins to decay.
The changes associated with ageing start to happen on some level at day one. We begin to experience their effects on earlyin life.
For example, we lose the ability to hear certain high-frequency sounds as teenagers, our cognition and memory slowly decline after they peaking our mid-20s, the strength of our bones starts to decrease in our 30s, female fertility sharply declines after 35, age-related near-sightedness begins in our mid-40s, and our hair starts to grey and thin as early as our 30s and 40s.
After the age of 50, the changes of ageing become increasingly noticeable, and because ageing is the biggest risk factor for most of the diseases that affect us as adults, the older we get, the higher our risk of chronic disease becomes.
While scientists have not yet found a way to stop these processes of ageing, they are learning more and more about how to maintain health throughout our lives.
Some aspects of ageing are out of our control–like our genetics and our family history–but we can educate ourselves about moderate risk factors and do our best to reduce them through healthy lifestyle and diet choices.
Most of us can be healthy and active well into our later years if we take care of ourselves. It’s no surprise that regular physical activity can help maintain a healthy weight, improve moods and sleep habits, and boost overall health. And it’s clear that a well-balanced diet full of nutritious foods is critical to good health.
But when it comes to understanding which foods are the best choices, much nutrition research has focused on how certain foods or nutrients may have a negative effect on health, or even play a role in disease development.
More recently, scientists have begun to explore and understand how nutrition may play a role in promoting healthy ageing throughout all life’s stages.
We are quickly finding out about what nourishments and supplements ought to be stressed in our weight control plans, and how they can improve our health. Diets loaded with fruits and veggies, entire grains, vegetables, nuts, and lean meats, have demonstrated health benefits like bringing down pulse, improving glucose control in diabetes, weight reduction, improving joint inflammation, and decreasing the danger of disease and cardiovascular occasions, to give some examples.
And we are getting familiar with the particular supplements that can affect health. For instance, plant shades found in brilliant orange and red fruits and vegetables may forestall and slow the movement of eye diseases. Calcium assists with keeping bones solid. B nutrients assume a job in keeping up cerebrum health.
And flavonoids from many plants may improve the health of our cardiovascular systems. The bottom line is that YOU have the power to maintain and improve your health, add vitality to your years, and reduce your risk of disease. And it’s never too late to make a change.